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Wigton Moor

Primary School

Everyone learns and everyone achieves because everyone matters!



Purpose of study at Wigton Moor


A high-quality geography education at Wigton Moor aims to develop pupils curiosity and fascination about the world and its people that will remain with them for the rest of their lives. The aim of the teaching is to equip pupils with knowledge about diverse places, people, resources and natural and human environments, together with a deep understanding of the Earth’s key physical and human processes. As pupils progress through school, their growing knowledge about the world should help them to deepen their understanding of the interaction between physical and human processes, and of the formation and use of landscapes and environments. Geographical knowledge, understanding and skills that are taught at Wigton Moor should help explain how the Earth’s features at different scales are shaped, interconnected and change over time.




The national curriculum for geography aims to ensure that all pupils:

  • Develop contextual knowledge of the location of globally significant places – both terrestrial and marine – including their defining physical and human characteristics and how these provide a geographical context for understanding the actions of processes
  • Understand the processes that give rise to key physical and human geographical features of the world, how these are interdependent and how they bring about spatial variation and change over time

Are competent in the geographical skills needed to:

  •  analyse and communicate with a range of data gathered through experiences of fieldwork that deepen their understanding of geographical processes
  •  Interpret a range of sources of geographical information, including maps, diagrams, globes, aerial photographs and Geographical Information Systems (GIS)
  • Communicate geographical information in a variety of ways, including through maps, numerical and quantitative skills and writing at length.


Key Stage 1

In Key Stage 1 pupils develop knowledge about the world, the United Kingdom and their locality. They should understand basic subject-specific vocabulary relating to human and physical geography and begin to use geographical skills, including first-hand observation, to enhance their locational awareness.

Locational knowledge

  • name and locate the world’s 7 continents and 5 oceans
  • name, locate and identify characteristics of the 4 countries and capital cities of the United Kingdom

Place knowledge

  • understand geographical similarities and differences of a small area of the United Kingdom, and of a small area in a contrasting non-European country

Human and physical geography

  • identify seasonal and daily weather patterns in the United Kingdom and the location of hot and cold areas of the world

Geographical skills and fieldwork

  • use world maps, atlases and globes
  • use simple compass directions (north, south, east and west)
  • use aerial photographs and plan perspectives to recognise landmarks and basic human and physical features
  • devise a simple map; and use and construct basic symbols in a key
  • use simple fieldwork and observational skills to study the geography of their school and its grounds and its surrounding environment


Key Stage 2

In Key Stage 2 pupils extend their knowledge and understanding beyond the local area to include the United Kingdom and Europe, North and South America.

Locational knowledge

  • locate the world’s countries, using maps to focus on Europe and North and South America
  • name and locate counties and cities of the United Kingdom
  • identify the position and significance of latitude, longitude, Equator, Northern Hemisphere, Southern Hemisphere, the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, Arctic and Antarctic Circle, the Prime/Greenwich Meridian and time zones

Place knowledge

  • understand geographical similarities and differences through the study of human and physical geography of a region of the United Kingdom, a region in a European country, and a region in North or South America

Human and physical geography

  • describe and understand key aspects of:
    • physical geography, including: climate zones, biomes and vegetation belts, rivers, mountains, volcanoes and earthquakes, and the water cycle
    • human geography, including: types of settlement and land use, economic activity including trade links, and the distribution of natural resources including energy, food, minerals and water

Geographical skills and fieldwork

  • use maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping to locate countries and describe features studied
  • use the 8 points of a compass, 4- and 6-figure grid references, symbols and key to build their knowledge of the United Kingdom and the wider world
  • use fieldwork to observe, measure record and present the human and physical features in the local area using a range of methods, including sketch maps, plans and graphs, and digital technologies

Geography Long Term Plan

Digimap's For Schools

Digimap for Schools is an online mapping service Wigton Moor subscribes to.  It is used by teachers and pupils and provides easy access to a range of current and historical Ordnance Survey maps and aerial photography. Included are street level maps showing street names, road-atlas style maps and historical maps of the 1890s and 1950's. 


Digimap's is used across year groups and children should therefore be familiar with the website. It can be used both in school and at home. Digimap's can be used to further understanding of subjects taught in school or simply for exploring the many free activities that the website offers!


Website links

BBC Bitesize Geography.

KS1 and KS2 appropriate website for Geography coverage curriculum

Geography videos and activities - Espresso (need to login).

Login available through school DB Primary page.

Login provided to pupils needed.

National Curriculum - Geography

Geography displays around school!

Geography displays around school! 1
Geography displays around school! 2

Year 1 display about the seasons and some of the different places they study from around the world!

Year 2 display about mapping skills.

Year 2 display about mapping skills. 1

A KS2 display about our Green Council and the work they do for protecting the local environment!

A KS2 display about our Green Council and the work they do for protecting the local environment! 1

Year 1 trip to The Deep looking at Antarctica in their workshop

Geography Activities completed across school.

Geography Activities completed across school. 1
Geography Activities completed across school. 2
Geography Activities completed across school. 3
Geography Activities completed across school. 4
Geography Activities completed across school. 5
Geography Activities completed across school. 6
Geography Activities completed across school. 7
Geography Activities completed across school. 8